The Insider - Heard On the Street
In December 2007 Boulder, Colorado-based Sunflower Farmers Market announced it had raised $30 million in equity financing from La Jolla, California-based private equity firm PCG Capital Partners.
At the time, Sunflower Farmers Market, which was headed up by co-founder and CEO Michael Gilliland, who resigned in February 2011 after being charged by the Maricopa County, Arizona Grand Jury with one count of felony child prostitution, operated just 13 stores in Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Nevada, and had sales in the $100-$150 million range.
Today, Sunflower Farmers Market, which I've reported has agreed to a merger-acquisition deal with Phoenix, Arizona-based Sprouts Farmers Market, which is majority-owned by private equity firm Apollo Global Management, has 35 stores and about three times the annual revenues it had in December 2007, when PCG Capital Partners made its $30 million equity investment in the grocery chain.
According to my sources, in return for the $30 million equity investment it made in Sunflower Farmers Market over four years ago, PCG Capital Partners, who's managing director Timothy Kelleher is a member of the grocery chain's board of directors, received an approximately one-third ownership stake in Sunflower, the other about two-thirds being held by the founders, corporate officers and other private investors.
In 2007 PCG Capital Partners launched its Corporate Partners Fund, the vehicle it used to invest in Sunflower Farmers Market.
The fund is designed to provide equity growth capital for established businesses, which Sunflower was.
It's also a non-control fund, meaning the private equity firm takes a substantial equity interest in the companies it invests in - and in the case of Sunflower Farmers Market received a board seat for Kelleher as part of the deal -but allows the company's senior management to continue to call the shots on a day-to-day basis.
Back in December 2007 when the private equity firm made its $30 million investment in then 13-store Sunflower Farmers Market, co-founder and then CEO Michael Gilliland and Kelleher said the strategic goal of both parties was to build Sunflower into a chain of 50 stores over a five-year period.
Here's what Sunflower's then CEO Gilliland and Kelleher said (italics below) in a joint-statement on December 17, 2007:
Sunflower Farmers Markets, a Boulder, Colorado-based grocery chain founded and led by Wild Oats founder Mike Gilliland, announced today it has raised $30 million in equity financing from PCG Capital Partners, a private equity firm based in La Jolla, CA.
The funding comes in advance of a major expansion of the Company’s retail locations in both existing and new geographic markets. Plans include doubling the number of stores by the end of 2009. Sunflower will launch new locations at a rate of up to eight stores per year, creating a company portfolio of 50 stores throughout the west within five years.
Sunflower, founded in 2002, currently operates 13 stores in Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Nevada. The Company’s increasingly popular format offers consumers a full-service farmers’ market-style grocery store featuring the highest quality natural and organic products at the lowest possible prices.
Mike Gilliland, Sunflower’s Founder and CEO, said, "Our value driven approach to the natural foods retailing sector has clearly resonated with consumers. There is tremendous demand for an alternative to the high price format that has predominated in natural foods for so many years. PCG Capital Partners’ investment will enable us to make this differentiated retailing approach available to millions of consumers throughout the Western United States, including new markets in Utah and Texas.”
Tim Kelleher, Managing Director of PCG Capital Partners, said, "We are excited to partner with a proven entrepreneur like Mike Gilliland. We believe that Mike and his team have built a model that uniquely combines value with quality in the natural and organic foods segment. The concept has proven itself over 13 stores in four states. We anticipate our capital will enable Sunflower to capitalize on its success by replicating the model across many additional markets."
As noted earlier, Sunflower Farmers Market has 35 stores. Current plans - before the talks with Sprouts started in earnest last fall - call for Sunflower to open 6-8 new stores this year, which means it would fall short of that five year, 50-stores goal by nine to seven or so units, making it difficult to hit the financial target set by PCG Capital Partners, Gilliland and Sunflower's board in the fall of 2007, when the private equity firm made its $30 million investment. The chain is well on the way to that goal though.
Why: Because 41-43 stores - give or take a couple either way - rather than 50 units are to be open by December 2012 (five years from December 2007). That many less stores opened can make a big difference in terms of revenue and profits for a grocery chain on the growth fast-track, which is what the plan has been for Sunflower Farmers Market since 2007.
PCG Capital Partners has an up to seven-year time horizon, in terms of getting a return on equity, in its $30 million investment in Sunflower Farmers Market. As of today, its about four years and four months into that up to seven-year time horizon. Five years is often a magic number when it comes to private equity investments in a company.
The deal with Sprouts, which will be announced soon, will change all that, however. I don't know all the specifics at present, but the private equity firm will either get paid-out fully in the deal with Sprouts or will take some equity in a combined Sprouts Farmers Market-Sunflower Farmers Market, to be controlled by Sprouts, making it whole either way.
Sunflower Farmers Market's equity partners have been angry at Gilliland since his arrest in February 2011, when he was charged with one count of felony child prostitution.
The grocery chain's board moved quickly to get the co-founder to resign, which he did, along with taking various measures, such as removing any references to Gilliland from the company's website and other media, as well as putting out a statement following his resignation saying he would no longer be involved in the company and that he is only a minor investor in the chain.
But the reality is that Gilliland was the driving force behind and public face of Sunflower Farmers Market since it was founded in 2002. Just look at the December 17, 2007 statement I quoted above if you either aren't aware of that fact or doubt it. It was a personality-driven retailer until February 2011 - and Michael Gilliland was that person and personality.
Overall, I think Sunflower has been much better off over the last year as a non-personality-driven grocery chain, just as I would suggest Whole Foods Market has become a much better operation since the company convinced John Mackey to be a bit more zen-like and a lot less the face of Whole Foods'-like.
There has been talk in the past of a possible acquisition of Sunflower by Sprouts or a merger of the two food retailing companies. But Gilliland's being charged with one count of felony child prostitution a year ago this month - he has yet to go to trial, having asked for and received multiple postponements (current trial date is March 15, 2012) from the Maricopa County, Arizona Superior Court where the case is pending; his lawyer has also appealed the Grand Jury's decision to the Arizona State Court of Appeals (see here) - served as the catalyst for the talks and negotiations between the boards of Sprouts and Sunflower.
All that's left now is the announcement of the deal. And it's a deal that has as much to do with private equity firms - Apollo Global Management being the majority owner of Sprouts Farmers Market and PCG Capital Partners holding considerable equity in Sunflower - as it does about a merging of two grocery chains with similar farmers market-style formats.
- The Insider
[Read 'The Insider's' past columns here, including his scoop on the yet to be announced Sprouts-Sunflower deal and news-breaking reporting and analysis on the Sprouts Farmers Market-Henry Farmers Market acquisition-merger in January 2011.]
February 7, 2012: Deal Announcement From Grocers Sprouts and Sunflower Farmers Market on Tap
January 25, 201: Sprouts Farmers Market and Sunflower Farmers Market Ink Acquisition-Merger Deal
November 6, 2011: Roll Up Times Two? Sprouts Farmers Market In Talks With Sunflower Farmers Market About Possible Acquisition
January 5, 2011: Will 2011 See Sprouts Farmers Market Acquiring Henry's Farmers Market? 'The Insider' Says it Could Be in The Cards
January 7, 2011: Sprouts Farmers Market-Henry's Farmers Market Deal Negotiations Continue; End-Game Could Be Near
January 8, 2011: Smart & Final-Henry's Tell Employees About Deal Discussions With Sprouts Farmers Market; Confirming 'The Insider's' Reports
February 16, 2011: Breaking: Smart & Final Enters Into Agreement to Sell Henry's to Sprouts Farmers Market
Also see: The Insider, Sprouts Farmers Market, Sprouts-Henry's Deal and Sunflower Farmers Market.